History of Camas
Camas is a staple food traditionally cultivated by Native American peoples of the Pacific Northwest. The exclusion of the Big Camas Prairie from Shoshone-Bannock treaty lands was a major cause of the Bannock War. The prairie was left out of the treaty ratified by Congress because it was called the “Kansas Prairie” in official U.S. Government documents, instead of “Camas Prairie.”
- Common Camassia. Idaho Department of Fish and Game. https://idfg.idaho.gov/species/taxa/48886. Accessed November 28, 2018.
- Camassia quamash. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=42883#null. Accessed November 28, 2018. – ITIS is a taxonomic system created through a partnership of federal agencies.
- Stevens, M., D.C. Darris, and S.M. Lambert. 2000. Plant guide for common camas (Camassia quamash ssp. breviflora) (PDF). USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Plant Data Center, Greensboro, NC, and Corvallis Plant Materials Center, Corvallis, OR. Published 2000. https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_caqub2.pdf. Accessed November 28, 2018. – This guide includes an extensive list of works cited.
- Death Camas is a poisonous plant that looks similar to Camas, but has white flowers.
- Smith, Harriet L. Camas: the plant that caused wars. (Oregon Vignette). Lake Oswego, Or.: Smith, Smith, and Smith Pub. Co., 1978.
- Just, Rick. “Not that Camas Prairie, the other one.” Speaking of Idaho. May 18, 2018. https://www.rickjust.com/blog/not-that-camas-prairie-the-other-one. Accessed November 28, 2018.
- West, Elliott. The Last Indian War: the Nez Perce story. Oxford; New York : Oxford University Press, 2009.
- Idaho Highway Historical Marker Guide. Marker number 277. https://history.idaho.gov/wp-content/uploads/Idaho-Highway-Historical-Marker-Guide.pdf. Accessed Septembe 9, 2020.
- “The Indian War – Its Causes and Remedies.” Idaho Tri-Weekly Statesman. June 18, 1878. page 2.
- “Gen. Crook on the Causes of the Bannock Outbreak.” Idaho Tri-Weekly Statesman. December 3, 1878. page 2.
- Camas County. Elmore County Press. http://www.elmorecountypress.com/camascounty.htm. Accessed September 9, 2020.
- Report of the Governor of Idaho Territory, 1878. H.R. Exec. Doc. No. 1, 45th Cong., 3rd Sess. (1878). https://digitalcommons.law.ou.edu/indianserialset/5666. Accessed September 9, 2020.
- A compilation of all the treaties between the United States and the Indian tribes, now in force as laws. Prepared under the provisions of the act of Congress, approved March 3, 1873…Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1873. page 955. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000560008. Accessed September 9, 2020.
- Treaty of Fort Bridger, 1868. Kappler, Charles Joseph. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. New York: AMS Press, 1971, 1972. Volume 2, Treaties. pages 1020-1024.
- FARRIT page on Treaties
- Kappler’s Online at the University of Oklahoma
- Kappler’s on GovInfo
- Shoshone-Bannock Tribes
This page updated by rjoiner on January 7, 2021.