Salmon of Idaho
Chinook and Sockeye Salmon are anadromous, meaning they spawn in freshwater, but spend most of their life in saltwater.
In 1992 a sockeye salmon swam all the way from the Pacific Ocean to Redfish Lake in central Idaho to spawn. Unfortunately he was the only Sockeye salmon to make it to the lake that year and was dubbed Lonesome Larry. His sperm was used by biologists to create a genetic bank to help bring the species back to central Idaho. Larry has been called the “poster child” for dam breaching and is probably Idaho’s most famous individual animal.
- “Lonesome Larry.” National Geographic Blog. August 6, 2012.
- Statement of Thomas W. Flint. Serial No. 112-125 (House Hearing) – H.R. 6247, Saving Our Dams and New Hydropower Development and Jobs Act of 2012. Congressional Hearings. General. Natural Resources. Wednesday, August 15, 2012. https://www.govinfo.gov/app/details/USCOURTS-ord-3_05-cv-01876/USCOURTS-ord-3_05-cv-01876-2.
- Brinckman, Jonathan. “Captive Breeding Helps Sockeye Buy Some Time.” The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon), September 3, 1999. page D4.
- Associated Press. “Sockeye’s sperm saved for future.” The Idaho Statesman. November 1, 1992 page 3C.
- Klotz, Dan. “Lonesome Larry: An unsung hero.” National Geographic. August 6, 2012. (Archived 6 Jan 2020 – 15 Aug 2022).
- Columbia River DART (Data Access in Real Time)
- Boise Public Library Idaho File: SALMON — SOCKEYE
On this page
Read about Dams, here.
Federal Government Information
- Bonneville Power Administration
- Columbia River System Operations Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
- Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC)
- United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Division of Water and Power
- United States Army Corps of Engineers Walla Walla District
- Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act, (Northwest Power Act). 16 United States Code Chapter 12H (1994 & Supp. I 1995). Act of Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2697. Public Law No. 96-501, S. 885.
- Rivers.gov (National Wild and Scenic Rivers)
Idaho Government Information
- 2018 Hells Canyon Complex Fish Management Program (HCC FRMP)
- Columbia Basin Salmonids, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission
- Documents from the Pacific Northwest Electric Power and Conservation Planning Council, Federal Register
- Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Northwest Power Planning Council)
- Pacific Fishery Management Council
- StreamNet Regional Library Fish Data for the Northwest
- University of Oklahoma College of Law Digital Commons
- Resolution #AK-21-009 (PDF) The National Congress of American Indians NCAI 2021 Mid Year Conference June 20, 2021 – June 24, 2021
- Northwest in Transition. Congressman Mike Simpson.
- Abrams, Deirdre. Idaho’s Chinook Salmon: The Journey of a LIFE Cycle! McCall, Idaho: Deirdre Adams, 2020.
- Bonneville Power Administration. Snake River Sockeye Salmon Sawtooth Valley Project, conservation and rebuilding program : supplemental environmental assessment. Portland, Oregon: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), 1995.
- Cone, Joseph Cone; Sandy Ridlington; contributors, Bill M. Bakke [and others]. The Northwest salmon crisis : a documentary history. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press, 1996.
- Lippincott, Abigail, editor and author; and Craig R. Groves, Bart Butterfield, Blair Csuti, J. Michael Scott; Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Program, Idaho Conservation Data Center; The Nature Conservancy, Conservation Science Division; Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, University of Idaho and U.S. Geological Survey. Atlas of Idaho’s Wildlife: Integrating Gap Analysis and Natural Heritage Information. Boise, Idaho: Idaho Department of Fish and Game, Nongame and Endangered Wildlife Program, 1997. https://digitalatlas.cose.isu.edu/bio/atlswf.pdf. Accessed January 9, 2019.
- Bonneville Power Administration. The World’s biggest fish story: the Columbia River’s salmon. Portland, Oregon: BPA, 1991.
- Committee on Protection and Management of Pacific Northwest Anadromous Salmonids, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Commission on Life Sciences. Upstream: salmon and society in the Pacific Northwest. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996.
- Cone, Joseph. A Common Fate: endangered salmon and the people of the Pacific Northwest. New York: H. Holt, 1994.
- Cone, Joseph, and Sandy Ridlington ; contributors, Bill M. Bakke [and others]. The Northwest Salmon Crisis: a documentary history. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press, 1996.
- Dauble, Dennis D. Fishes of the Columbia Basin: a guide to their natural history and identification. Sandpoint, Idaho: Keokee Books, 2009.
- Idaho Department of Fish and Game. Chinook salmon migrations in Idaho. Boise, Idaho: Idaho Department of Fish and Game, 1967.
- Independent Scientific Group, The. Return to the river: restoration of salmonid fishes in the Columbia River ecosystem: development of an alternative conceptual foundation and review and synthesis of science underlying the Columbia River Basin Fish and Wildlife Program of the Northwest Power Planning Council. Portland, Or.: Northwest Power Planning Council, 1996.
- Landeen, Dan, and Allen Pinkham. Salmon and His People: fish & fishing in Nez Perce culture. Lewiston, Idaho: Confluence Press, 1999.
- Lichatowich, Jim. Salmon, people, and place: a biologist’s search for salmon recovery. Corvallis, Oregon: Oregon State University Press, 2013.
- Lichatowich, Jim. Salmon Without Rivers: a history of the Pacific salmon crisis. Washington, D.C. : Island Press, 1999.
- Montgomery, David R. King of Fish: the thousand-year run of salmon. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 2003.
- Office of the Governor. Endangered Snake River spring & summer chinook salmon, causes & effects: comparative effect of the Lower Snake River hydroelectric projects versus upstream storage reservoirs. [Boise, Idaho]: Office of the Governor, 1994.
- Netboy, Anthony. Salmon of the Pacific Northwest: fish vs. dams. Portland, Oregon: Binfords & Mort, 1958.
- Report to the Office of the Governor of Idaho: update of power impacts to protect salmon. Tallahassee, Fla.: Ben Johnson Associates, 1991.
- Sigler, John W., with Donald W. Zaroban; illustrated by Joseph R. Tomelleri & Emily S. Damstra. Fishes of Idaho: a natural history survey. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Press, 2018.
- Taylor, Joseph E. III. Making salmon : an environmental history of the Northwest fisheries crisis. Seattle, Washington: University of Washington Press, 1999.
- Ulrich, Roberta. Empty Nets: Indians, dams, and the Columbia River. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press, 2007.
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation and Bonneville Power Administration. Columbia River System Operations Final Environmental Impact Statement. EIS Number 20200158. 08/31/2020. PURL: https://purl.fdlp.gov/GPO/gpo152189. Main page: https://www.nwd.usace.army.mil/CRSO/. Accessed July 7, 2021.
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District. Juvenile salmon migration improvements, Lower Snake River: Information paper. Walla Walla, Washington: Army Corp of Engineers, 1995.
- Walker, Deward E. Lemhi Shoshone-Bannock reliance on anadromous and other fish resources. Boise, Idaho: Bureau of Land Management, Idaho State Office, 1994.
- Wallace, Richard L., Donald W. Zaroban, Ph. D. Native fishes of Idaho. Bethesda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society, 2013.
This page updated by rjoiner on July 7, 2021.